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Desarrollo rápido de cultivos de alfalfa para biorremediación basado en identificación y marcado molecular de los genes implicados en la resistencia al estrés salino

Resumen

Tipo:
Oferta Tecnológica
Referencia:
10 RU 86FG 3GRN
Publicado:
24/06/2015
Caducidad:
04/01/2016
Resumen:
Un instituto de I+D ruso ha desarrollado nuevos métodos que permiten agilizar el cultivo de leguminosas para biorremediación de suelos salinizados degradados. Las leguminosas son cultivos estratégicamente importantes para fines de biorremediación porque estas plantas tienen la capacidad de establecer la simbiosis en la raíz con bacterias que fijan el nitrógeno. El instituto busca socios interesados en establecer acuerdos de cooperación técnica con el fin de identificar los genes que controlan la resistencia al estrés salino mediante sintenia con las especies de leguminosas Medicago truncatula y Lotus japonicus.

Details

Tittle:
Sped up development of high-bioremediation alfalfa cultivars based on identification and molecular marking of the genes involved in salt-stress resistance
Summary:
An R&D Institute from Saint-Petersburg (Russia) develops new methods allowing to speed up the breeding of high-yielding legume cultivars suitable for bioremediation of degraded salinized lands. The Institute seeks partners for technical cooperation to identify genes controlling the salt resistance based on genome synteny with the model legume species Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus.
Description:
Legumes are becoming a strategically important crop for the bioremediation purposes, since these plants have a capacity to establish root symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, resulting in establishement of highly specialized root nodules where nitrogen is accumulated. Genetic control of salt-stress resistance is primarily investigated in the model legume species Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus. The genome synteny across legume species allows employing knowledge accumulated for the model species to discover orthologous genes for economically important species. The Institute is managing a large living collection of alfalfa genotypes showing distinct salt tolerance ability.

The Institute is interested in investigation of salt stress-related genes for the primary forage and meliorative important legumes (e.g. Medicago sativa) based on synteny with Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus. The Institute is looking for partners for the orthologous gene analysis and molecular marker development to promote the marker-assisted selection of cultivars with an enhanced adaptive capacity.


Current and Potential Domain of Application: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, Animal Husbandry and Related Products
Current and Potential Domain of Application
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, Animal Husbandry and Related Products
Advantages and Innovations:

The ortologous cDNA was recently identified in the genome of M.sativa for Srlk gene that plays a key role at the first stages of salt stress defense in model species M.truncatula (Lorenzo et al., 2009). Gene-specific primers were designed for Polymerase Chain Reaction, SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms) were detected for alfalfa genotypes that expose distinct salt stress resistance.
Stage of Development:
Under development/lab tested
IPs:
Secret know-how

Partner sought

Type and Role of Partner Sought:
- Type of partner sought: Research groups working in biology, breeding and seed farming companies

- Specific area of activity of the partner: Biotechnology, plant breeding

- Task to be performed by the partner sought: Joint further development; testing of new applications
Type of Partnership Considered:
Adaptation to specific needs
Joint further development
License Agreement
Testing of new applications

Client

Type and Size of Client:
R&D Institution
Already Engaged in Trans-National Cooperation:
No

Keywords

Technology Keywords:
07001 Agricultura
06002 Biología / biotecnología