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Laboratorio móvil para investigación, diagnóstico, monitorización y restauración de elementos del patrimonio cultural

Resumen

Tipo:
Oferta Tecnológica
Referencia:
TORO20181126001
Publicado:
12/12/2018
Caducidad:
13/12/2019
Resumen:
Un grupo de investigación rumano especializado en investigación aplicada en optoelectrónica ha desarrollado un laboratorio móvil para investigación, diagnóstico, monitorización y restauración de elementos del patrimonio cultural. Este laboratorio realiza en muy poco tiempo una serie de medidas y analiza obras de arte móviles e inmóviles, edificios históricos, yacimientos arqueológicos y otros objetos del patrimonio cultural. El laboratorio móvil utiliza principalmente técnicas optoelectrónicas sin contacto, no invasivas y microinvasivas, sin muestreo y con un alto nivel técnico. El laboratorio dispone de las últimas técnicas y está disponible para demostración. El grupo de investigación busca pymes, universidades y centros de investigación con el fin de establecer acuerdos de servicio o investigación.

Details

Tittle:
Mobile laboratory for investigation, diagnosis, monitoring and restoration of heritage components
Summary:
A group of Romanian researchers has developed a mobile laboratory for the investigation, diagnosis, monitoring and restoration of heritage components, which performs in a short period of time a set of measurements and analyses on movable or immovable art objects, historical buildings, archaeological sites and other heritage objects. The Romanian team is looking for interested SMEs, universities and research centers for cooperation based on services and/ or research cooperation agreement.
Description:
Active in the field of fundamental and applied research in optoelectronics, a group of Romanian researchers has developed a mobile laboratory for the investigation, diagnosis, monitoring and restoration of heritage components, which performs, in a short period of time, a set of measurements and analyses on movable or immovable art objects, historical buildings, heritage objects etc.
Usually the deterioration of the external heritage components is due to urban pollutants, emissions and anthropogenic factors. Regarding the art objects located inside the buildings, the damages are equally determined by particles in the air, contaminants and anthropogenic factors. In both cases, the investigation, diagnosis and restoration of heritage components are carried out in specialized laboratories, but often the transportation of these heritage components to the restoration centres produces delayed intervention and, in many situations, irreversible damages. Thus, the technical problem created by the disadvantages of moving heritage objects in fixed labs is solved by the Romanian invention, because the mobile laboratory has all the necessary equipment in order to perform, in a short period of time, the entire set of measurements and analyses on movable or immovable art objects, historical buildings, archaeological objectives and other heritage objects.
The Romanian invention relates to the development of a mobile laboratory, adapted on a freight minibus chassis, which is composed of two cabins: the minibus cabin, equipped with driver´s and companion seats, and the laboratory cabin.
The laboratory cabin is equipped with shelves, supports and work table on the side walls and the control cabin separating panel, in which the optoelectronic equipment and accessories used for monitoring, investigation, diagnosis and restoration are stored and insured during the transportation. The cabin designed for laboratory purposes is melamine faced and has a sliding door on the right side and two folding doors (180 degree) in the back.
The mobile laboratory uses mainly non-contact, non-invasive or micro-invasive optoelectronic techniques, without sampling and at very high technical level.
The optoelectronic techniques that can be applied using the equipment and accessories installed within the mobile laboratory are the following:
- monitoring of the microclimate, air quality and exposure to light;
- thermal imaging, to quickly detect anomalies and damage;
-3D laser scanning -Y- photogrammetry of large scale heritage components;
- non-invasive and non-contact investigation for qualitative assessment of materials through laser-induced fluorescence (LIF);
- non-contact and micro-invasive investigation for qualitative evaluation of materials via laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS);
- pH metry;
- Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) investigations and mapping of archaeological sites and monuments
- vibrometry;
- high-resolution multispectral and hyperspectral investigation;
- colorimetry;
- laser cleaning etc.
The technology is tested and validated as a complex array of advanced optoelectronic methods for investigation-diagnosis and evaluation of the conservation state of the specific materials for different types of tangible heritage, as well as corroboration of the research methods and means to improve decisions and make efficient the current or exceptional interventions.
All the techniques were tested in laboratory, cases were validated and the mobile laboratory that incorporates all the latest techniques is available for demonstration.
The Romanian research team is looking for interested SMEs, universities and research centres for technological services and/ or research cooperation agreement for future development of the mobile laboratory.
Advantages and Innovations:
The mobile laboratory ensures complex investigations, analysis and documentations/mappings for any object or monument, in maximum security conditions even without moving the object from his exhibition/storing/conservation environment.
The main advantages of mobile laboratory are as follows:
- no sampling is required for laboratory processing;
- investigations, analyzes and diagnosis are performed in a short period of time, as compared to the succession of classical operations;
- possibility of non-contact, non-invasive or micro-invasive measurements, which is very useful in the case of heritage components with a high level of deterioration.
Due to its flexible design, the mobile laboratory can answer the needs of several categories of users, such as restorers, historical archaeologists, documentaries, etc.
Stage of Development:
Available for demonstration
IPs:
Patents granted
CommeR Statunts Regarding IPR Status:
Patent granted by the Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks.

Partner sought

Type and Role of Partner Sought:
The partner sought could be among SMEs active in the cultural heritage, imaging, documentation or other related sectors, as well as university or R-Y-D centres interested in the onsite technological services offered via the Romanian mobile laboratory; the specific services should be provided on the basis of a long-term services agreement.
R-Y-D collaboration to further develop the complex mobile laboratory dedicated to Heritage Science is also envisaged if any international university or R-Y-D institutions from the specialty optoelectronics and/ or related fields is interested in working together with the Romanian partner for finding or developing new solutions related to the investigation, diagnosis, monitoring and restoration of heritage components to be applied via the mobile laboratory.

Client

Type and Size of Client:
R&D Institution
Already Engaged in Trans-National Cooperation:
Si
Languages Spoken:
English

Keywords

Technology Keywords:
01003002 Archivado / documentación / documentación técnica
01003012 Imaging, Image Processing, Pattern Recognition
01005001 Patrimonio cultural
01005006 Visualización, realidad virtual