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Producción de nanopartículas de oro sin ligandos

Resumen

Tipo:
Oferta Tecnológica
Referencia:
TODE20190219001
Publicado:
04/03/2019
Caducidad:
04/03/2020
Resumen:
Una universidad alemana ha desarrollado un proceso de producción de nanopartículas de oro sin ligandos. Estas nanopartículas presentan nuevas propiedades físicas y químicas y permiten la producción cuantitativa. Los ligandos son necesarios para evitar que las partículas de oro se aglutinen ya que, si esto sucede, pierden su característica nanométrica y dejan de ser utilizables. La universidad ha desarrrollado un proceso de fragmentación láser que permite producir nanopartículas de oro libres de carbono (Au-NPs) con un tamaño inferior a 5 nm. Para ello las nanopartículas se retiran en un medio líquido. El proceso de fragmentación láser se repite y se añaden agentes oxidantes inorgánicos, por ejemplo, ozono o peróxido de hidrógeno. De esta forma es posible producir nanopartículas con un tamaño inferior a 5 nm, de 2,5 nm aproximadamente. La universidad busca socios de las industrias química y farmacéutica con el fin de establecer acuerdos de licencia.



Details

Tittle:
Ligand-free production of gold nanoparticles
Summary:
A German university has developed a process for the production of ligand-free gold nanoparticles. These gold particles show new physical and chemical properties and allow a quantitative production. The university offers a license agreement to partners from the chemical or pharmaceutical industry.
Description:
Nanoparticles of elements can behave quite differently than larger particles of the same element. Gold, which is actually relatively inert, can become very reactive as nanoparticles or at least influence or accelerate reactions. It therefore serves as a catalyst in the chemical industry or as an indication and therapy for cancer.
Ligands are normally needed to prevent the individual gold particles from clumping together. If they do, they are no longer nano and therefore unusable. However, ligands normally contain molecules such as ammonium, which interfere with chemical applications or are harmful in medical applications.

A German university has now developed a process for the production of ligand-free gold nanoparticles (Au-NP). A laser fragmentation process makes it possible to produce carbon-free gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) smaller than 5nm. For this purpose, gold nanoparticles are removed in a liquid medium. Afterwards the laser fragmentation is repeated in a free jet of liquid and addition of inorganic oxidizing agents, e.g. ozone or hydrogen peroxide. In this way, gold nanoparticles smaller than 5 nm (ø particle size at approx. 2.5 nm) can be produced.
In addition to the production of gold clusters, ligand-free gold nanocubes can also be produced using this process.

The university offers a license agreement to companies from the chemical or pharmaceutical industry interested in using the process.
Advantages and Innovations:
The process described here only uses ligands that contain oxygen and hydrogen and either escape into the air as oxygen or disintegrate into water. They therefore no longer have the disturbing properties.
Au-NPs with a size of about 3nm show a sudden change in the physical properties and thus also in the chemical properties in comparison to larger particles. Ligand- free gold nanoparticles have recently been at the center of intense research, addressing a diverse market. The present invention gives access to large quantities.
Stage of Development:
Prototype available for demonstration
IPs:
Patents granted
CommeR Statunts Regarding IPR Status:
A European and a US patent were granted.

Partner sought

Type and Role of Partner Sought:
The university offers access to rights for commercial use as well as the opportunity for further co-development within a license agreement to companies from the pharmaceutical or chemical sector. Possible applications are in the field of heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis as well as in biomedical and physical applications (e.g. electroluminescence).

A potential partner would have to convert the process from the university laboratory into real production.
The university offers support with the implementation.

Client

Type and Size of Client:
University
Already Engaged in Trans-National Cooperation:
Si
Languages Spoken:
English
German

Keywords

Technology Keywords:
05005 Micro y nanotecnología
03004007 Pharmaceutics
05001003 Química inorgánica
05001004 Química orgánica